The idea is that the new fleet of cars that come in the market will have a smart chip in the car which is attached to the engine like a plug without which the engine will not ignite or it may very well be a part of the engine itself. This chip will have a unique code which can be used to start only one car which matches to its code. The chip will have a GPS tracking.
In the police surveillance room, a computer maintains a database which will have the owner details against every unique code of the smart chips and is connected with these chips on a real time basis.
If this chip can be made to sense a big impact on the car in case of an accident, then it will be very helpful.
- Most of the criminal activities like kidnapping, gang rape in a moving vehicle, terrorist activities, bank robbery, car theft etc involve the use of car. The police can trace all the cars in the vicinity of the criminal activity hours before and after the crime. This can give a very good lead to reach to the criminals / terrorists.
- Enforcing traffic laws will be much easier as the speed limit crossing, red light jumping, hit and run, wrong side driving can be traced. In US, the GPS also gives the speed limit of the car and the speed limit allowed on the road. Therefore, the technology is already there, its just a matter of flagging the exceptions. Any other traffic rule violation can be tracked and challans can be generated centrally by automatic systems and sent to the vehicle owner through email or by post.
- As Mr Modi says, minimum government maximum governance. Similarly, less police force but effective surveillance from surveillance room. No need for manning the small red lights.
- Delhi Government recently announced running of even odd cars mechanism for reducing pollution. This chip can help in very efficient monitoring of even – odd car running and can throw exceptions on a computer screen without any need for physical surveillance.
- This can give very useful data to the policy makers and researchers. Think of a scenario where the policy makers know the exact number of cars running in a city or may be the whole country, with various attributes like diesel cars, petrol cars, CNG vehicles, aging of cars and the number of kilometers each type of car has driven.
- Heavy traffic congestion on any road can be detected and the problem can be resolved timely.
- Since, the chip can sense a big impact on the cars, it will be able to detect the accident and will send a signal to the police and ambulance for immediate action. As per a report on NDTV, over 137,000 people were killed in India in road accidents in 2013 alone, which is more than the number of people killed in all wars put together. Imagine the lives that could be saved with this simple technique. (Even if this chip takes some time, but a device to detect the impact on the vehicle can be developed which will send signals to ambulance, police and your relatives)
- Profiling criminals and tracking their activities on the basis of their car movement. Raising alarms in case of exceptions.
- Profiling car drivers
- These chips can linked to an escrow account maintained by the vehicle owner with a minimum prescribed balance say Rs 10,000. This way, the chip can serve as a smart tag for charging at toll plazas across the country. This will enable fast movement of traffic at tolls, reduce the need to keep large fleet of toll staff and also reduce unwanted arguments between vehicle owners and toll staff. Also, the penalty for traffic rule violation can be charged directly to their bank account.
- And offcourse, car thefts
Why High Security Registration Plate (HSRP) fails the test
High Security Registration plates were introduced as tamper proof and non-replaceable vehicle numbering plates bearing hologram with the aim to bring uniformity in the pattern of displaying registration marks. These number plates have unique seven digit laser code.
Various sources including Tribune India, The Times of India etc have mentioned about the short comings of HSRP project due to either of the following:-
- Slow implementation – Introduced by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways in 2001 but implemented in 2011 in Punjab. Most of the other states are also violating the implementation timeline.
- Snap lock failure – A key security feature in the high security number plates fails to work properly
- Duplicate plates – As per The Hindu, the city plate makers have made replicas of these HSRP along with security hologram.
- No GPS tracking and Laser detectors not installed – The HSRPs do not have a tracking GPS and the digital laser code can be read only by laser detector cameras which will need to be installed at various road crossings across the country. However, these laser detector cameras are not available in India so far.